Partition (Size, Whiten and White)
Description
This article describes the Whiten and White (1977) expression for the partition of particles to oversize during screening.^{[1]}^{[2]} Several additions are made to the expression to reflect fines entrainment and particle shape.
The Whiten and White formulation is convenient for modelling screens as it implicitly honours the aperture size limit on particle passage, unlike other commonly used representations such as the Whiten efficiency curve or RosinRammler equation.
Model theory
The Whiten and White expression for recovery to screen oversize is:
where:
 is the index of the size interval, , is the number of size intervals
 is the corrected fraction of particles of size interval in the feed reporting to the oversize stream (frac)
 is the geometric mean size of the size interval (mm)
 is the number of trials per unit length parameter (/m)
 is the length of the screening area (or panel) in the direction of flow (m)
 is the fraction open area of the screen deck/panels (m^{2}/m^{2})
 is length (the longer side) of the screen deck/panel aperture (m)
 is width (the shorter side) of the screen deck/panel aperture (m)
Whiten and White's equation was modified by Dehghani et al. (2002) to include a term for irregularly shaped particles, and is generalised to:^{[2]}
where:
and is the representative aspect ratio of the particle population, the ratio of the second longest to the longest dimensions of a particle (mm/mm)
The aspect ratio property, , allows for the balanced screening of 'flaky' or 'elongated' particles on slotted meshes. Dehghani et al.'s relation reduces to Whiten and White's original equation when .
Firth and Hart (2008) suggested a simple modification to a partition curve to account for the observed entrainment of fine particles in an oversize stream, with decreasing probability as particle size increases:^{[3]}
where:
 is the actual fraction of particles of size interval in the feed reporting to the oversize stream (frac)
 is the fraction of the finest particles or feed liquids split to the oversize stream (frac)
 is the size constant
Excel
The Whiten and White partition model may be invoked from the Excel formula bar with the following function call:
=mdPartition_WhitenWhite(MeanSize as Range, d1 as Double, d2 as Double, nLLfo as Double, Optional Rf as Double = 0, Optional lambda as Double = 0, Optional particleAR as Double = 1)
Invoking the function with no arguments will print Help text associated with the model, including a link to this page.
The input parameters and model results are defined below in matrix notation, along with an example image showing the selection of the same cells in the Excel interface:



References
 ↑ Whiten, W.J. and White, M.E., 1977. Modelling and simulation of high tonnage crushing plants. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Mineral Processing Congress, vol. II. Sao Paulo, pp. 148–158.
 ↑ ^{2.0} ^{2.1} Dehghani, A., Monhemius, A.J. and Gochin, R.J., 2002. Evaluating the Nakajima et al. model for rectangularaperture screens. Minerals engineering, 15(12), pp.10891094.
 ↑ Firth, B. and Hart, G., 2008. Some aspects of modeling partition curves for size classification. International journal of coal preparation and utilization, 28(3), pp.174187.